Sphere India Programmes
The multi-hazard profile of India, presence of number of humanitarian agencies, and absence of OCHA in India, has emphasized the need of a local coordination mechanism which is accepted to Govt. and all other stakeholders. The experiences from previous disasters reveal that the capacity of various agencies charged with managing disasters is low and needs enhancement and that there is a need to establish and strengthen the process of inter-agency coordination and building institutional capacity to enhance the timely response through improved preparedness at various levels.
With the above context, it was year 2003 when the Sphere Project initiated the Sphere process in India as a country pilot following an inclusive consultative process. Since then the Sphere India process has evolved gradually with a broad mission of promoting quality and accountability in humanitarian interventions in India through a collaborative process.
Initially the process focused towards promotion and institutionalization of Humanitarian Charter and Sphere Standards in India, but soon the issues of common concerns of lack of coordination, inter agency action and unified response led the coalition to initiate the process of Inter-Agency Coordination and Unified Response Strategy.
Gradually, the need of collaborative process for the capacity building of humanitarian sector in India on various themes of Sphere, DRR and response mechanism led to initiate the Training and Capacity Building Programme.
The lack of collated & contextualized information, research and documentation in DRR led to the initiation of Information and Knowledge Management theme.
Influencing the policy development, guidelines and other key advocacy issues required a collaborative action of various agencies which led to emergence of the Collaborative Advocacy theme of Sphere India.
All these four themes collectively lead towards promoting quality and accountability in humanitarian sector in India.